Before we start, ask yourself this question: Why is history important. If you’ve answered this, then you are ready. Based around the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys, the “Fertile Crescent” was the birthplace of civilization. Represented by modern day countries of Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria, & Iran. That’s the Middle East. Before 500 A.D the Middle East saw the rise & fall of five different major empires: Babylon, Persia, Alexander the Great, Parthia, & Rome. The region was split between Roman & Persian rule by 500 AD. Rome controlled the known civilization & began declining(300 AD). By 500 AD, East Rome was all that was left. Byzantine Empire was in power almost a millennium.
Following the decline of Rome, Islam emerged around 700 A.D. in the Middle East. Muslim caliphates or sultanates began spreading and eroding the Byzantine Empire. The old Persian Empire to the east was revived by the Kwarizm Shah, another Muslim group. The Crusaders from Europe were able to carve out a small coastal region, called the Crusader States in the Jewish and Christian Holy Land. The Muslims united with the Ottoman Empire, who overthrew the Byzantine Empire in 1453. The empire spread to parts of Eastern Europe, Northern Africa, and parts of Spain.
Well I guess that’s it for this week. The are some interesting artifact in the Middle East Middle East like The Dome of the Rock & The Church of the Holy Sepulcher. They are found in Jerusalem. See you on Friday for another day of hiss-story.